֧ӧߧ֧ۧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ѧҧӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ܧ ҧ֧ӧ (1700 000 476 ԧ. է . .)

ڧѧ, ҧէ էߧ ڧ է֧ӧߧ֧ۧڧ ѧ ާڧӧ ڧӧڧݧڧ٧ѧڧ, ڧާ֧֧ 4000-ݧ֧ߧ ڧڧ, էӧ֧اէ֧ߧߧ ѧߧڧӧڧާڧ ѧާߧڧܧѧާ ڧާ֧ߧߧ.

ҧߧѧا֧ߧߧ է ѧܧ ֧٧է ѧߧާ (ӧڧߧڧ ߧߧѧߧ) ܧѧާ֧ߧ֧ݧ ѧߧܧ ڧ֧ܧѧߧ «ѧߧާܧԧ ڧߧѧߧ» ܧ ܧݧ 1,7 ާݧ. ݧ֧, ӧݧ ѧߧܧѧާ ѧާԧ է֧ӧߧ֧ԧ ֧ӧҧߧԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ڧѧ. ֧ܧڧߧܧڧ ڧߧѧߧ, اڧӧڧ ܧݧ 600 . ݧ֧ ߧѧ٧ѧ ҧݧڧ ߧߧ֧ߧ֧ է֧֧ӧߧ اܧէߧ ܧ֧ߧ  ֧ܧڧߧ,ާ֧ էڧ ߧ ߧԧѧ, ڧ٧ԧӧݧ ڧާ֧ߧ ڧާڧڧӧߧ էڧ, ݧ٧ӧѧ ԧߧ֧. ܧݧ 10 . ݧ֧ ߧѧ٧ѧ ߧ֧ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧܧ ֧ӧӧѧݧ ӧ֧ާ ڧѧ. ߧ֧ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧܧѧ ާէ ۧ . ا٧ ڧѧߧ, ֧ӧڧ ا 6 7 . ݧ֧, ҧߧѧا֧ߧ ܧݧڧӧڧӧѧߧߧ ߧ֧ڧ֧ߧߧ ڧ ާڧ٧, ѧܧا ֧ݧܧ٧ۧӧ֧ߧߧ էڧ.

֧ӧߧ֧֧ۧ էڧߧѧڧ֧, ܧѧ ѧӧڧݧ ߧ ֧ڧڧ ڧѧ, ڧѧ֧  (2070 . է . .). ֧ߧѧݧߧ ѧۧߧ ӧݧѧէ֧ߧڧ  ѧܧڧߧݧڧ   ٧ѧѧէߧ ѧ ӧڧߧڧ ߧѧߧ ԧ-٧ѧѧէߧ ѧ ӧڧߧڧ ѧߧ, ֧ ӧݧڧߧڧ ӧѧӧѧݧ ҧѧ֧ۧ ֧ܧ ѧߧ. ߧѧѧ ܧݧѧէӧѧ ѧҧӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ܧڧ . ާ֧ߧ ڧݧ ѧ ѧѧէߧѧ ا, ԧէ ѧҧӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ܧڧ էڧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ. ݧ֧էӧѧӧڧ ٧ ߧڧާ ֧ڧէ ֧ߧ ֧ߧ ڧ ѧ (ߧ اѧߧԧ) ѧݧ ѧ ֧֧ߧߧ ާ֧ߧ ѧҧӧݧѧէ֧ݧ֧ܧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ֧էѧݧߧާ.

ܧݧ ֧ݧ֧ڧ ߧѧ٧ѧ ܧڧѧۧ ӧݧѧէ֧ݧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ֧ ݧڧӧܧ ڧ٧է֧ݧڧ ڧ ҧߧ٧; ӧ ֧ ֧ݧ֧ڧ ߧѧ٧ѧ ѧ ڧާ֧ߧݧڧ ا֧ݧ֧٧ߧ էڧ է. ާڧާ ܧ֧ѧާڧ֧ܧڧ ڧ٧է֧ݧڧ, ߧѧѧݧ ڧ٧ԧӧݧ ҧݧڧӧߧ. ѧӧߧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧ ҧݧ ѧܧا ֧ݧܧܧѧܧ ڧ٧ӧէӧ, ܧ ӧ֧ӧ էѧݧ ާڧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ اѧܧܧѧէӧԧ ֧ݧܧܧѧ֧ӧ. ֧ڧ ֧ߧ ֧ߧ ا ֧ӧӧѧݧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ݧڧ ѧݧ. ֧ڧէ ֧ߧ ֧ߧ ڧ ѧ ߧѧҧݧէѧݧ ѧܧا ߧ֧ҧӧѧݧ اڧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧݧܧ ާݧ, ӧڧݧѧ ֧ݧѧ ݧ֧է ӧէѧڧ ڧݧ ѧ٧, ߧڧ, ߧ٧, ڧ٧ӧ֧֧ ѧܧا ӧ֧ߧߧ է֧֧ݧ ߧ , ӧ ߧ ܧѧ٧ѧݧ ٧ߧѧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧݧڧߧڧ ߧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ-ݧڧڧ֧ܧ ާݧ ݧ֧էڧ ܧݧ֧ߧڧ.

ӧܧ ѧӧ ڧߧѧէݧ֧اڧ «ڧѧۧܧާ ڧߧާѧڧߧߧާ ߧ֧ߧ֧-֧ߧ».
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