ѧ٧էߧڧܧ

ڧڧѧݧߧާ ѧ٧էߧڧܧѧާ ڧѧ ӧݧ ӧ ԧ ( ާ֧ѧ֧ ӧ֧ ѧߧ 1 ߧӧѧ), ѧ٧էߧڧ ֧ߧ (ӧ ԧ ݧߧߧާ ܧѧݧ֧ߧէѧ, ܧ ާ֧ѧ֧ ӧ֧ ѧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ֧ էߧ֧), ֧اէߧѧէߧ ا֧ߧܧڧ է֧ߧ (8 ާѧ), ֧ߧ ݧ֧ѧէ (12 ާѧ), ֧ߧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ݧڧէѧߧ էڧ (1 ާѧ), ܧ ѧ٧էߧ֧ ӧ֧ߧѧէߧ էߧ, ֧ߧ ާݧէ֧ا ڧѧ (4 ާѧ), ֧اէߧѧէߧ է֧ߧ ٧ѧڧ է֧֧ (1 ڧߧ), ֧ߧ ٧էѧߧڧ ѧէߧ-ӧҧէڧ֧ݧߧ ѧާڧ ڧѧ (1 ѧӧԧ), ֧ߧ ڧ֧ݧ (10 ֧ߧҧ), ѧڧߧѧݧߧ ѧ٧էߧڧ (1 ܧҧ), ܧ ާ֧ѧ֧ ӧ֧ߧѧէߧ էߧ.

ߧѧڧҧݧ֧ ӧѧاߧ ѧѧߧ֧ߧߧ ѧ٧էߧڧܧѧ ڧѧ ߧ ѧ٧էߧڧ ֧ߧ, ѧ٧էߧڧ "ѧߧ", ѧ٧էߧڧ "ڧߧާڧ", ѧ٧էߧڧ "اߧ". ѧէ ҧڧާ ѧ٧էߧڧܧѧާ ާߧԧڧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ާ֧ߧڧߧӧ ѧߧڧݧ ӧ ѧէڧڧߧߧ ѧ٧էߧڧܧ. ѧڧާ֧, էѧ֧ۧ - ѧ٧էߧڧ "է", ާߧԧݧ - "ѧէ", ڧߧ ާ֧ѧ ѧ٧էߧڧ "ѧܧ֧ݧ", ߧ ѧӧݧ ѧ٧էߧڧ "ѧߧ", 
ҧѧۧ ѧڧӧѧ "ѧӧܧڧ ҧѧ٧ѧ", اѧߧ - ֧֧ߧߧ ֧ӧߧӧѧߧڧ, ڧҧ֧ ާ֧ѧ ڧҧ֧ܧڧ ӧ ԧ ѧ٧էߧڧ اѧ "ѧߧԧ", ާѧߧ - ѧ٧էߧڧ "".

ѧ٧էߧڧ ӧ֧ߧ
  ѧ٧էߧڧ ֧ߧ էݧ ܧڧѧ֧ۧ ӧݧ֧ ֧ӧ ԧէ ѧէڧڧߧߧ ѧ٧էߧڧܧ. ݧ ѧ٧էߧڧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧݧ "ڧߧߧߧ" (ӧ ԧէ), ѧ ܧѧ ݧߧߧާ ܧѧݧ֧ߧէѧ ( ݧ֧ڧڧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧߧ ڧڧ ڧѧ ڧ٧է֧ӧݧ) ѧ٧էߧڧ ֧ߧ ܧѧ ѧ ڧէڧݧ ߧ ֧ӧ է֧ߧ ߧӧԧ ԧէ. ݧ ڧߧѧۧܧ ֧ӧݧڧ (1911 .) ڧѧ ߧѧѧ ڧާ֧ߧ ߧӧ ڧݧ ݧ֧ڧڧݧ֧ߧڧ, ѧܧڧ ҧѧ٧, ӧ ԧ ݧߧߧާ ܧѧݧ֧ߧէѧ ҧ ֧֧ڧާ֧ߧӧѧ ѧ٧էߧڧ ֧ߧ ( ڧէڧ ߧ էڧ ڧ էߧ֧ ֧֧ է֧ܧѧէ ߧӧѧ ӧ է֧ܧѧէ ֧ӧѧݧ ߧӧާ ڧݧ ݧ֧ڧڧݧ֧ߧڧ). ѧ٧էߧڧ ֧ߧ ӧاէѧ֧ ѧܧݧ֧ڧӧѧߧڧ֧ ѧߧ ҧާѧاߧ ߧѧէڧ֧ ҧ֧ڧ ߧѧ ӧէ է, ܧާߧѧ ܧѧѧ ڧ ӧߧ ݧҧߧާ ߧӧԧէߧڧާ ܧѧڧߧܧѧާ. ߧ ߧѧܧѧߧߧ ѧ٧էߧڧܧ ֧ߧ, ڧާ֧ߧ֧ާ "", ӧ ֧ާ ҧڧѧ֧ ӧާ֧ ѧڧӧѧ֧ ҧڧݧߧ ѧ٧էߧڧߧ اڧ. ާߧԧڧ ֧ާ ߧ ݧاѧ ѧ ӧ ߧ, ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ "" - اڧէѧߧڧ ӧԧ ԧէ. ݧ֧է֧ԧ էߧ ݧѧԧѧ֧ ҧէڧ էާ էӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ ҧݧڧ٧ܧڧ ٧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧާ ا֧ݧѧߧڧާ ӧ֧ ҧݧѧ. էߧ ѧ٧էߧڧܧ ֧ߧ ѧڧӧѧ ѧէڧڧߧߧ ާѧӧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ: ѧߧ ݧӧ, ݧܧ էѧܧߧ, ӧէ "ߧ ݧէ", ߧާ֧ ߧ էݧ.

ѧ٧էߧڧ "ѧߧ"
  ڧէڧ ߧ 15- է֧ߧ ֧ӧԧ ާ֧ ݧߧߧާ ܧѧݧ֧ߧէѧ, ֧ԧ ֧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ "ѧ٧էߧڧܧ ߧѧ֧". ӧѧէѧ֧ ֧ӧ ݧߧݧߧڧ֧ ߧӧ ԧէ. է֧ߧ ֧է "ѧߧ" ݧҧ ѧ٧էߧڧߧާ ߧѧާ. "ѧߧ" ԧӧ ڧ ܧݧ֧ۧܧԧ ڧ ݧѧէܧ ߧѧڧߧܧ. ߧ ڧާ֧ ާ ѧڧܧ ڧާӧݧڧ٧ڧ ѧ էاߧ ֧ާ. ҧѧ ݧҧӧѧߧڧ ߧѧާ, ӧڧӧڧۧ I ӧ֧ܧ, ֧֧ ѧߧ֧ ӧ ާߧԧڧ ѧۧߧѧ ѧߧ. ֧֧ ѧ٧էߧڧ "ѧߧ" ӧ ާߧԧڧ ԧէѧ ܧӧѧ ާѧܧ ߧѧ֧, ԧէ ӧѧӧݧ ѧާ ܧѧߧ ߧѧ - ڧ٧ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧܧߧ ާѧ֧. ߧ ѧاѧ ѧ٧ߧҧѧ٧ڧ֧ ا֧. է֧֧ӧߧ ҧѧ ѧڧӧѧ ֧֧ۧӧ֧ܧ, ֧ӧڧ ߧ էݧ, ѧߧ էѧܧߧ, ӧէ "ߧԧ", ܧѧѧߧڧ ߧ ܧѧ֧ݧ էԧڧ ާ֧ڧڧ.

ѧ٧էߧڧ "ڧߧާڧ"

 ڧէڧ ߧ էߧ ڧ էߧ֧ 4 - 6 ѧ֧ݧ. ٧է֧ӧݧ է֧ߧ ާڧߧѧݧ ӧڧ ֧էܧ. ߧߧ ѧ٧էߧڧ "ڧߧާڧ" ѧݧ ѧڧӧѧ ާ֧ڧڧ ѧާ ѧӧڧ ֧ӧݧڧߧ֧ѧ ԧڧҧڧ ԧ֧. է֧ߧ ڧӧէ է ڧ ާԧڧݧ. "ڧߧާڧ" ا ֧ݧ, ڧէ ѧӧ֧ѧ֧, ݧէ ѧӧݧ ٧ѧԧէߧ ԧݧܧ, ٧ѧܧѧ ҧާѧاߧ ٧ާ֧֧, ݧҧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ֧ ڧէ, ާ ѧ٧էߧڧ "ڧߧާڧ" ֧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ "ѧڧߧ٧" - է֧ߧ ԧݧ ֧ӧ ٧֧ݧ֧ߧ.

ѧ٧էߧڧ "ѧߧ"

ާ֧ѧ֧ 5-ԧ ڧݧ ԧ ާ֧ ݧߧߧާ ܧѧݧ֧ߧէѧ. ڧѧ֧, ӧ٧ߧڧ ܧѧ ѧާ է֧ӧߧ֧ܧڧѧۧܧ -ѧڧ ѧߧ (340 - 278 ԧ. է . .). اڧ ѧӧ ڧ ѧ. ߧ ާ ֧ӧڧ ӧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ݧ, ҧ ߧ ڧݧѧ ѧ ѧӧ ԧڧҧ֧ݧ, 5-ԧ ڧݧ ԧ ާ֧ (ݧ ӧ֧ا֧ߧڧ ѧӧ ѧӧ ڧߧ) ѧߧ ܧߧڧ ҧ, ҧڧӧڧ ֧ܧ ڧݧ٧. ԧݧѧߧ ֧էѧߧڧ, ݧ ާ֧ ݧէ ֧ݧ ݧէܧ էݧԧ ڧܧѧݧ ֧ԧ ֧ݧ ֧ܧ. ֧ ܧѧاէ ԧ 5-ԧ ڧݧ ԧ ާ֧ ѧާ ӧ֧ݧڧܧ ߧ ֧ܧѧ ѧէڧڧߧߧ ѧڧӧѧ ԧߧܧ ߧ ֧ݧߧѧ, ާ ߧѧާڧߧѧڧ էѧܧߧ. էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ֧ܧ էݧ ѧߧ ҧѧ ҧѧާҧܧӧ ܧݧ֧ߧ, ߧѧݧߧ֧ߧߧ ӧѧ֧ߧ ڧ. ߧѧէ ѧߧڧݧ ѧܧا ҧѧ ֧ է֧ߧ "٧ߧ٧" - ڧ, ٧ѧӧ֧ߧ ݧڧ ߧڧܧ.

ѧ٧էߧڧ "اߧ"
ԧ ާ֧ѧ 15-ԧ ڧݧ ӧާԧ ާ֧ ݧߧߧާ ܧѧݧ֧ߧէѧ. է֧ߧ ڧѧ֧ ֧֧էڧߧ ֧ߧ, ާ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ "ا" -- ֧֧էڧߧ, "" -- ֧ߧ. ٧էѧӧߧ ܧѧاէ ԧ "اߧ" ݧէ ԧӧڧݧ ڧ ާܧ ߧڧܧ ڧߧڧݧ ڧ էѧ ҧԧ ߧ. ܧߧѧߧڧ ҧէ ߧڧܧ ֧ݧ ӧ ֧ާ, ڧާӧݧڧ٧ڧӧѧݧ ҧݧѧԧݧڧ ֧ާ. ҧѧ ѧߧڧݧ է ߧѧڧ էߧ֧.

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