ӧڧߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧ

ѧۧӧѧߧ ѧݧا֧ ԧ-ӧߧԧ ҧ֧֧ا ާѧ֧ڧܧӧ ѧ ڧѧ. ԧ ӧߧ ҧ֧֧ا ާӧѧ֧ ӧէѧާ ڧԧ ܧ֧ѧߧ. ٧ѧѧէ է֧ݧ֧ ӧڧߧڧ ٧ߧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧ ݧڧӧ. ӧڧߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ڧ ڧ ӧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ҧݧ֧ 80 ڧݧ֧ԧѧڧ ߧ֧ާ ӧ, ӧܧݧѧ ӧ ߧ, ҧѧ ݧѧէ - 36 . ܧ. ܧ. է֧ӧߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧݧ ا ڧݧ . ߧԧڧݧ֧ߧߧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧڧ էܧާ֧ߧ ٧ѧ֧ѧݧ֧ݧ ѧߧѧާ ֧ӧߧѧѧݧߧԧ ӧ֧ߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ ߧѧէ. ֧ߧѧݧߧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ էڧߧѧڧ ڧѧ ֧اէѧݧ ߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ԧѧߧ ֧ӧݧݧ ӧ ڧէڧܧڧ ߧѧ ߧڧ. ֧ ֧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ߧڧܧߧ ѧէڧڧާ ܧڧѧۧܧ ܧݧ. ѧܧӧ ߧӧߧ ѧܧ, ܧ ѧݧڧ ߧ֧ܧݧ֧ҧڧާާ ֧֧ߧڧ ߧܧ ܧܧѧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ݧ ڧѧۧܧ-ߧܧ ӧۧߧ 1894 . ݧ ҧ֧է ܧڧѧۧܧԧ 
ߧѧէ ӧۧߧ ڧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧܧڧ ٧ѧӧѧڧܧѧ 1945 . ֧ߧѧݧߧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ڧѧ ӧѧߧӧڧݧ ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ԧѧߧ ӧݧѧ ӧڧߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧ. 1949 . ߧ֧٧ѧէݧԧ է ӧ٧ԧݧѧ֧ߧڧ ԧާڧߧէѧߧӧܧڧ ӧݧѧ, ߧѧէڧӧڧ֧ ߧ ާѧ֧ڧܧ, ҧ֧اѧݧ ߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ. 1950 . էߧӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ߧѧѧݧ ӧۧߧ ֧ ߧѧѧӧڧݧ ߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧ ݧڧ ӧ 7- ݧ. 1954 . ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ էڧѧݧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧާ ӧݧѧާ "ԧӧ ӧާ֧ߧ ҧߧ", ѧ ӧ٧ߧڧܧݧ ڧѧڧ, ӧ٧ѧߧߧѧ է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ֧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ܧߧڧߧ֧ߧѧݧߧ ѧ ڧѧ.

ڧѧۧܧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ էݧڧ֧ݧߧ ӧ֧ާ ڧݧѧԧѧ֧ ߧ֧ѧߧߧ ڧݧڧ էݧ ֧֧ߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ӧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ. ֧ӧѧݧ 1972 . է ӧڧ٧ڧ ֧٧ڧէ֧ߧ . ڧܧߧ ҧݧ ڧߧ ܧڧѧۧܧ-ѧާ֧ڧܧѧߧܧ "ѧߧѧۧܧ ܧާާߧڧܧ". 1 ߧӧѧ 1979 . ڧڧѧݧߧ ѧߧӧڧݧ էڧݧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ, ڧ٧ߧѧݧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ֧էڧߧӧ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧܧߧߧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ڧѧ, ѧۧӧѧߧ - ߧ֧֧ާݧ֧ާ ѧ ڧѧ, ֧ܧѧڧ "էڧݧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ" ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧާ ӧݧѧާ. ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ٧ѧӧڧݧ ѧܧا է֧ߧߧѧڧ "ԧӧ ӧާ֧ߧ ҧߧ" ӧӧէ ӧڧ ӧۧ ѧۧӧѧߧ. ѧܧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ߧ ܧڧѧۧܧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ, ڧէ ڧ ҧ֧ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ڧߧ֧֧ ֧֧ܧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ѧߧ, ܧӧէӧ ڧߧڧѧާ ӧѧا֧ߧڧ ڧڧ, ֧ ֧ѧݧߧ֧, է֧ݧӧԧ էէ ֧ ڧߧ֧֧ ӧ֧ , ӧէӧڧߧݧ ܧ: "ާڧߧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ߧ ߧӧ ڧߧڧ էߧ ԧէѧӧ - էӧ ". ԧ ߧӧߧ է֧اѧߧڧ ԧݧѧӧߧ ݧا֧ߧڧ ӧէ ݧ֧է֧ާ:

ѧڧӧѧߧڧ ܧ ߧ ާڧߧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ܧѧ٧ ҧ֧ѧߧڧ ߧ է֧ۧӧӧѧ ӧا֧ߧߧ ֧; ѧܧڧӧߧ ֧ߧڧ ݧڧߧ ܧߧѧܧ, ܧߧާڧ֧ܧڧ ܧݧߧ ҧާ֧ߧ, ܧ֧֧ۧ ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ާ ӧ, ԧӧ ѧߧߧ ӧ٧֧ ާ֧اէ էӧާ ҧ֧֧ԧѧާ ݧڧӧ; ֧ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧ ާڧߧ ֧֧ԧӧ, ڧէ ڧ ֧էݧܧ էߧԧ ڧѧ, ߧ ߧӧ ܧ ާاߧ ҧاէѧ ݧҧ ӧ; ֧ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ܧ "էߧ ԧէѧӧ - էӧ ", ѧڧӧѧߧڧ ڧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧԧ ާѧ֧ڧܧӧ ѧ ڧѧ, ѧߧ֧ߧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ էݧڧ֧ݧߧԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ֧اߧ֧ԧ ܧѧڧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧԧ ߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ; ݧ ֧ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ѧߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ҧէ֧ ݧ٧ӧѧ ѧӧ ߧ ӧܧ ֧֧ߧ ѧӧߧާڧ, ֧ߧѧݧߧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ߧ ҧէ֧ էڧݧڧӧѧ ߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ӧ ӧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧ ѧէާڧߧڧѧڧӧߧ ֧ߧѧ; ֧֧ߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ӧ ӧݧ֧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧڧ է֧ݧ ڧѧ, էݧا֧ ֧ѧ ѧާڧާ ܧڧѧۧѧާ ҧ֧ ާ ܧѧܧڧ-ݧڧҧ ӧߧ֧ߧڧ ڧ. ֧ڧ٧ݧا֧ߧߧ ܧ ݧڧڧܧ ҧ֧֧ڧӧѧ ѧڧӧѧߧڧ ڧߧڧ էߧԧ ڧѧ, ݧߧ ڧӧѧ ا֧ݧѧߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ ߧ ѧӧѧ ٧֧ ѧӧݧ ѧۧӧѧߧ֧.

ݧ ҧߧѧէӧѧߧڧ 1 ߧӧѧ 1979 . "ҧѧ֧ߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧڧܧѧ", ܧڧѧۧܧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ߧ֧ܧݧߧߧ ڧէ֧اڧӧѧ֧ ܧ: "ާڧߧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ߧ ߧӧ ڧߧڧ էߧ ԧէѧӧ - էӧ ", ӧѧ֧ ٧ ֧ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ ֧ ֧֧ԧӧ, ѧ֧ ٧ ٧էѧߧڧ ާ ӧ, ԧӧ ѧߧߧ ӧ٧֧ ާ֧اէ ҧ֧ڧާ ߧѧާ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ݧڧӧ, ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ڧߧڧڧѧڧӧ ֧էڧߧݧ ާ֧, ҧӧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէ էӧާ ߧѧާ. ҧ֧ߧߧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧ ҧݧѧ ܧ ڧܧڧ է էݧ է֧ۧӧڧ ҧާ֧ߧ, ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧڧ ߧ ܧߧڧߧ֧ߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ԧӧݧ, ٧ѧܧߧߧ ѧӧ ڧߧ֧֧ ܧާާ֧ѧߧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ݧ٧ ѧߧ. ާ ԧ, ܧڧѧۧܧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ѧܧڧӧߧ է֧ۧӧ֧ ݧڧߧ ܧߧѧܧѧ ާ֧اէ ߧѧާ ߧѧܧ ֧ߧڧܧ, ܧݧ, ڧ٧ܧݧ , ߧѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ, ֧ѧ .. ݧߧާ֧ߧߧѧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ߧѧէߧѧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ - ڧѧڧ ٧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ӧ٧֧ ާ֧اէ էӧާ ߧѧާ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ݧڧӧ ѧߧӧڧݧ ӧ٧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧ ߧէ ҧާ֧ߧ ֧֧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧڧ ݧڧ, ҧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ߧѧѧݧ է֧ݧӧ ֧֧ԧӧ. 1992 . ҧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ էڧԧݧ էԧӧ֧ߧߧ , ܧѧاէѧ ڧ ֧էѧӧڧ ӧ ߧ ާݧڧӧܧ ݧѧ , "ҧ ҧ֧֧ԧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ݧڧӧ ѧڧӧѧ ڧߧڧ էߧԧ ڧѧ". ѧ֧ݧ 1993 . ڧߧԧѧ ݧڧ ֧֧ԧӧ ާ֧اէ ܧӧէڧ֧ݧާ ڧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ѧ ѧѧߧ֧ اߧ, ٧ߧѧާ֧ߧӧѧݧ ҧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ӧѧاߧ ѧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէ ҧڧާ ҧ֧֧ԧѧާ. ܧҧ 1998 . ֧٧ڧէ֧ߧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧէ اߧ ֧ڧ ѧߧѧ ֧ܧڧ էڧ ֧է֧էѧ֧ݧ֧ ڧѧڧ ѧ ѧѧߧ֧ ҧ֧ԧ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ֧֧ ٧ڧڧ, ѧߧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ֧ڧݧ ӧ֧ էڧѧݧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧ, ܧߧާڧ֧ܧ էԧڧ ҧݧѧ.

30 ߧӧѧ 1995 . ֧ߧ֧ѧݧߧ ֧ܧ֧ѧ , ֧է֧էѧ֧ݧ ٧ ٧ާڧߧ ӧڧ ֧ ߧ ֧ާ "էݧاѧ ҧҧ ٧ ӧ֧ݧڧܧ է֧ݧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ", ԧݧҧݧ֧ߧߧ ڧ٧ݧاڧ է֧اѧߧڧ ܧ "ާڧߧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ ߧ ߧӧ ڧߧڧ էߧ ԧէѧӧ - էӧ ". ֧ ӧէӧڧߧ ֧էݧا֧ߧڧ ڧ ӧާ ߧܧ: ӧ֧է ѧڧӧѧ ڧߧڧ "էߧԧ ڧѧ"; ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧߧ ӧ֧ ާڧߧ ֧֧ԧӧ ާ֧اէ ҧ֧ڧާ ߧѧާ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ݧڧӧ; ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ էҧڧӧѧ ާڧߧԧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ, ߧ էѧӧѧ ҧ֧ѧߧڧ ߧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ڧݧ; ѧڧ ܧߧާڧ֧ܧڧ ҧާ֧ էߧڧ֧ӧ ާ֧اէ էӧާ ҧ֧֧ԧѧާ; ҧ էݧاѧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧ ݧڧ ѧէڧڧ ܧڧѧۧܧ ܧݧ; ӧ٧ݧѧԧѧ ߧѧէ֧اէ ߧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ ѧۧӧѧߧ; ڧӧ֧ӧӧѧ ӧڧ٧ڧ ֧էѧӧڧ֧ݧ֧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧڧ է֧֧ݧ֧ ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ܧԧ ѧۧӧѧߧ ߧ ܧߧڧߧ֧ߧ ҧާ֧ ާߧ֧ߧڧާ ӧѧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէ էӧާ ҧ֧֧ԧѧާ ާڧߧԧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ; ܧӧէڧ֧ݧ ҧ֧ڧ էݧاߧ ӧ֧ӧ֧ ܧѧ֧ӧ ӧ֧ѧ ӧ٧ѧڧާߧ ӧڧ٧ڧ.

֧էݧا֧ߧڧ ڧ ӧާ ߧܧ, ӧէӧڧߧ ֧է֧էѧ֧ݧ֧ ٧ ٧ާڧߧ֧, ݧߧ ѧاѧ ݧ֧էӧѧ֧ݧߧ ֧֧ާӧ֧ߧߧ ݧڧڧܧ ܧڧѧۧܧԧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ֧֧ߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ӧ. ֧էݧا֧ߧڧ է֧ާߧڧ ֧ڧާ ڧܧ֧ߧߧ ܧڧѧۧܧԧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէ էӧާ ҧ֧֧ԧѧާ ڧާݧڧӧѧߧڧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ. ߧ ӧ٧ӧѧݧ ԧڧ ܧݧڧ ߧ ԧѧاէѧ ѧߧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ ٧ ֧ ֧է֧ݧѧާ, ڧ ڧէѧ֧ ҧ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧ ҧ֧ӧ. ݧ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ܧڧѧۧܧڧ ѧӧڧ֧ݧӧ ӧ֧֧ߧڧ֧ ߧѧ ߧԧѧߧ ާߧ֧ ӧ֧ ߧѧ ڧѧ ߧ֧֧֧ߧڧ֧ ا֧ݧѧ֧ ܧ֧֧ۧԧ ֧֧ߧڧ ѧۧӧѧߧܧԧ ӧ ֧ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ݧڧܧ ٧ѧէѧ ҧ֧էڧߧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ.

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